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bombay art society competition 2021

January 21, 2021


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", Population and Employment profile of Mumbai Metropolitan Region, "Parsis top literacy, sex-ratio charts in city", "Mumbaiites prepare for a bumpy ride this year", "District Census Handbook -MUMBAI SUBURBAN", "Highlights of Economic Survey of Maharashtra 2005–06", "Mumbai's New-Age Builders want a Room at the Top", "Mumbai noisiest city, Delhi at number 4: Central Pollution Control Board", "Muslims of Mumbai (Bombay), major city of India", "Background: A rich history now stained with blood", "Why is India's wealthy Parsi community vanishing? Subsequently, the city became the capital of Bombay State. [87][88] In 1493, Bahadur Khan Gilani of the Bahmani Sultanate attempted to conquer the islands but was defeated. This led filmmaking to new heights in terms of quality, cinematography and innovative story lines as well as technical advances such as special effects and animation. [119], The opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 transformed Bombay into one of the largest seaports on the Arabian Sea. [105], In 1687, the English East India Company transferred its headquarters from Surat to Bombay. [355] Adlabs Imagica opened in April 2013 is located near the city of Khopoli off the Mumbai-Pune Expressway. [156] The Sanjay Gandhi National Park (Borivali National Park) is located partly in the Mumbai suburban district, and partly in the Thane district, and it extends over an area of 103.09 km2 (39.80 sq mi). [412], Every February, Mumbai holds derby races at the Mahalaxmi Racecourse. [272], The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport (formerly Sahar International Airport) is the main aviation hub in the city and the second busiest airport in India in terms of passenger traffic. [11] Historian Barbara Metcalf has stated that the riots were anti-Muslim pogrom. [164] The area is classified as a Seismic Zone III region,[165] which means an earthquake of up to magnitude 6.5 on the Richter magnitude scale may be expected. The Kala Ghoda Arts Festival is an exhibition of a world of arts that encapsulates works of artists in the fields of music, dance, theatre, and films. ", "Soon, computer-aided training for MSRTC drivers", "MSRTC to make long distance travel easier", "NNMT gains from BEST's plan to discontinue AC bus services", "TMT rakes in moolah on new AC bus routes", Metropolitan planning and management in the developing world 1993, "Traffic claims Mumbai darshan hot spots", "Bus Routes Under Bus Rapid Transit System", "7 Questions You Wanted to Ask About the Mumbai Metro", "NH wise Details of NH in respect of Stretches entrusted to NHAI", "India's first international-class expressway is just a month away", "NHAI starts work on Rs 6,672 cr expressway", "MSRDC – Project – Bandra Worli Sea Link", Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation, "28,000 more autos to run riot on MMR streets – Mumbai – DNA", "Mumbai's five gateways may become toll-free", "Only 10 public transport services for every 90 private vehicles in Mumbai", "28,000 more autos to run riot on MMR streets", "Statistics: Mumbai International Airport Limited", "Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (CSIA)- Masterplan", "With maiden Air India flight, T2 opens to public", "Work on Navi Mumbai airport may start next year", "It will be years before Mumbai surmounts its water crisis", "RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT-2005 INFORMATION BOOKLET", "Water contamination complaints double, Bhandup hit hard", "Make way for Mulund, Mumbai's newest hotspot", "Country's first water tunnel to come up in Mumbai", "Now, a toll-free helpline to check water leakage, theft", "To curb power theft, Maharashtra explores underground supply network across state", "Cooking gas cylinders to be sold at petrol pumps", "Piped gas becomes more attractive for the kitchen", "Reliance Offers BlackBerry in India, Vies With Bharti", "Internet surfers: Mumbai scores, Bangalore falls", "Mumbai's entrance -the 'Gateway' to be more tourist-friendly", "Is the world's weirdest property market strangling the city that hosts it? [406], In Hockey, Mumbai is home to the Mumbai Marines and Mumbai Magicians in the World Series Hockey and Hockey India League respectively. [301] Mobile phone coverage is extensive, and the main service providers are Vodafone Essar, Airtel, MTNL, Loop Mobile, Reliance Communications, Idea Cellular and Tata Indicom. [126], The Samyukta Maharashtra movement to create a separate Maharashtra state including Bombay was at its height in the 1950s. [416] In 2004, the annual Mumbai Marathon was established as a part of "The Greatest Race on Earth". [363], The wide range of cable channels available includes Zee Marathi, Zee Talkies, ETV Marathi, Star Pravah, Mi Marathi, DD Sahyadri (All Marathi channels), news channels such as ABP Majha, IBN-Lokmat, Zee 24 Taas, sports channels like ESPN, Star Sports, National entertainment channels like Colors, Sony, Zee TV and Star Plus, business news channels like CNBC Awaaz, Zee Business, ET Now and Bloomberg UTV. [166], Mumbai has a tropical climate, specifically a tropical wet and dry climate (Aw) under the Köppen climate classification. [59][60], A resident of Mumbai is called Mumbaikar in Marathi, in which the suffix kar means a resident of. [378] Most colleges in the city are affiliated with the University of Mumbai, one of the largest universities in the world in terms of the number of graduates. [135] Mumbai's defunct cotton mills have since become the focus of intense redevelopment. Students bagged Silver medal at IIT Tech Fest, IIT Bombay for building Foot Ball Robot. [312] Mumbai Metropolitan Region was home to 20,748,395 people by 2011. [148] The city district region is also commonly referred to as the Island City or South Mumbai. [417], Regional and Professional Sports Teams from Mumbai, Former Regional and Professional Sports Teams from Mumbai, "Bombay" redirects here. Rugby is another growing sport in Mumbai with league matches being held at the Bombay Gymkhana from June to November. Many of them live in close proximity to bus or train stations although suburban residents spend significant time travelling southward to the main commercial district. [207], The Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai was ranked 9th out of 21 cities for best governance & administrative practices in India in 2014. [68] The Kanheri Caves in Borivali were excavated from basalt rock in the first century CE,[69] and served as an important centre of Buddhism in Western India during ancient Times. [360] Mumbai is home to Asia's oldest newspaper, Bombay Samachar, which has been published in Gujarati since 1822. [212] Mumbai also has two lower courts, the small causes court for civil matters, and the sessions court for criminal cases. [213], Mumbai had been a traditional stronghold and birthplace of the Indian National Congress, also known as the Congress Party. Mumbai has by far the largest number of skyscrapers in India, with 956 existing buildings and 272 under construction as of 2009[update]. The Mumbai Police is headed by a police commissioner, who is an Indian Police Service (IPS) officer. The violence is also an instrumental part of the plot of the film, The Bombay Riots set the background for the popular, This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 05:13. On 1 October 1990, the Greater Bombay district was bifurcated to form two revenue districts namely, Bombay City and Bombay Suburban, though they continued to be administered by same Municipal Administration. [193] Its population as per the 2011 census was 12,442,373. [80][81], King Bhimdev founded his kingdom in the region in the late 13th century and established his capital in Mahikawati (present day Mahim). [307] Art Deco styled landmarks can be found along the Marine Drive and west of the Oval Maidan. [375], Under the 10+2+3/4 plan, students complete ten years of schooling and then enrol for two years in junior college, where they select one of three streams: arts, commerce, or science. [239] The Mumbai rail network is spread at an expanse of 319 route kilometres. [25] During the mid-18th century, Bombay was reshaped by the Hornby Vellard project,[26] which undertook reclamation of the area between the seven islands from the sea. In the suburbs, the soil cover is largely alluvial and loamy. [133] The Bombay Metropolitan Region Development Authority (BMRDA) was established on 26 January 1975 by the Government of Maharashtra as an apex body for planning and co-ordination of development activities in the Bombay metropolitan region. In 2008, Mumbai was named an alpha world city. [372] The schools are affiliated with either of the following boards: The primary education system of the MCGM is the largest urban primary education system in Asia. Newspapers are also printed in other Indian languages. [96] The Portuguese also built several fortifications around the city like the Bombay Castle, Castella de Aguada (Castelo da Aguada or Bandra Fort), and Madh Fort. Mumbai has two international cricket grounds, the Wankhede Stadium and the Brabourne Stadium. [108] Towards the end of the 17th century, the islands again suffered incursions from Yakut Khan in 1689–90. [46], Other variations recorded in the 16th and the 17th centuries include: Mombayn (1525), Bombay (1538), Bombain (1552), Bombaym (1552), Monbaym (1554), Mombaim (1563), Mombaym (1644), Bambaye (1666), Bombaiim (1666), Bombeye (1676), Boon Bay (1690),[45][47] and Bon Bahia. The MCGM operates 1,188 primary schools imparting primary education to 485,531 students in eight languages (Marathi, Hindi, Gujarati, Urdu, English, Tamil, Telugu, and Kannada). GATE 2021 - The admit card of GATE has been released by IIT, Bombay in online mode on January 8 at appsgate.iitb.ac.in. When the Elite Football League of India was introduced in August 2011, Mumbai was noted as one of eight cities to be awarded a team for the inaugural season. [191], Until the 1970s, Mumbai owed its prosperity largely to textile mills and the seaport, but the local economy has since then diversified to include finance, engineering, diamond-polishing, healthcare and information technology. [66][67], In the 3rd century BCE, the islands formed part of the Maurya Empire, during its expansion in the south, ruled by the Buddhist emperor Ashoka of Magadha. [114], From 1782 onwards, the city was reshaped with large-scale civil engineering projects aimed at merging all the seven islands of Bombay into a single amalgamated mass by way of a causeway called the Hornby Vellard, which was completed by 1784. [185][186] In December 2019, IIT Bombay, in partnership with the McKelvey School of Engineering of Washington University in St. Louis, launched the Aerosol and Air Quality Research Facility to study air pollution in Mumbai, among other Indian cities. The Bombay High Court on Thursday allowed 81-year-old poet Varavara Rao, accused in the Bhima Koregaon violence case, to continue to be in a … The first was mainly a Muslim instigation as a result of the Babri Masjid demolition in the week immediately succeeding 7 December 1992 led by political leaders representing Hindutva in the city of Ayodhya. Since under the Commissions of Inquiry Act, an Inquiry is not a court of law (even if it conducts proceedings like a court of law) and the report of an inquiry is not binding on Governments, Srikrishna's recommendations cannot be directly enforced. As of 2014[update], Mumbai had the highest number of internet users in India with 16.4 million users.[304]. [231] The tenure of the mayor, deputy mayor, and municipal commissioner is two and a half years. [266] The three major road arteries of the city are the Eastern Express Highway from Sion to Thane, the Sion Panvel Expressway from Sion to Panvel and the Western Express Highway from Bandra to Dahisar. [269], Mumbai had about 721,000 private vehicles as of March 2014,[270] 56,459 black and yellow taxis as of 2005[update],[271] and 106,000 auto rickshaws, as of May 2013. Read more; January 8, 2021: GATE 2021 admit card released. [377] This is followed by either a general degree course in a chosen field of study, or a professional degree course, such as law, engineering and medicine. Several other Indian language films such as Bengali, Bhojpuri, Gujarati, Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu are also occasionally shot in Mumbai. According to the 2011 census, the population of Mumbai city was 12,479,608. Students bagged Silver medal at IIT Tech Fest, IIT Bombay for building Sumo Wrestling Robot. [237] Mumbai's suburban rail systems carried a total of 6.3 million passengers every day in 2007. Read more ; January 7, 2021: JEE Advanced will be held on July 3 in 222 cities. [40][41] In 1508, Portuguese writer Gaspar Correia used the name "Bombaim" in his Lendas da Índia ("Legends of India"). Medical College are the leading medical institutes affiliated with Sir Jamshedjee Jeejeebhoy Group of Hospitals and KEM Hospital respectively. [131] As a memorial to the martyrs of the Samyukta Maharashtra movement, Flora Fountain was renamed as Hutatma Chowk (Martyr's Square) and a memorial was erected. [306] There are also a few Indo-Saracenic styled buildings such as the Gateway of India. [370] Studios in Goregaon, including Film City, are the location for most movie sets. [290][291], About 700 million litres of water, out of a daily supply of 3500 million litres, is lost by way of water thefts, illegal connections and leakages, per day in Mumbai. The national television broadcaster, Doordarshan, provides two free terrestrial channels, while three main cable networks serve most households. According to the treaty, the Seven Islands of Bombay, the nearby strategic town of Bassein and its dependencies were offered to the Portuguese. [234] Taxis and rickshaws in Mumbai are required by law to run on compressed natural gas (CNG),[235] and are a convenient, economical, and easily available means of transport. [347][348] The Elephanta Festival—celebrated every February on the Elephanta Islands—is dedicated to classical Indian dance and music and attracts performers from across the country. [218] The Congress had dominated the politics of Bombay from independence until the early 1980s, when the Shiv Sena won the 1985 Bombay Municipal Corporation elections. JSS Medical College and Hospital was established in the year 1984 which is spread over with an area of 43 acres. In the newer suburbs, modern buildings dominate the landscape. [9] Many of India's numerous conglomerates (including Larsen & Toubro, State Bank of India (SBI), Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC), Tata Group, Godrej and Reliance),[145] and five of the Fortune Global 500 companies are based in Mumbai. The Conditional Access System (CAS) started by the Union Government in 2006 met a poor response in Mumbai due to competition from its sister technology Direct-to-Home (DTH) transmission service.[367]. Diwali, Holi, Eid, Christmas, Navratri, Good Friday, Dussera, Moharram, Ganesh Chaturthi, Durga Puja and Maha Shivratri are some of the popular festivals in the city. From 8 January 1993, many riots occurred between Hindus led by the Shiv Sena and Muslims potentially funded by the Bombay underworld at that time. Mumbai (English: /mʊmˈbaɪ/, Marathi: [ˈmumbəi]; also known as Bombay /bɒmˈbeɪ/, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. [201] As of 2008[update], the Globalization and World Cities Study Group (GaWC) has ranked Mumbai as an "Alpha world city", third in its categories of Global cities. Mumbai's business opportunities attract migrants from all over India. An estimated 575 Muslims and 275 Hindus were killed at the end of the riot. [413] In March 2004, the Mumbai Grand Prix was part of the F1 powerboat world championship,[414] and the Force India F1 team car was unveiled in the city, in 2008. The black and yellow Premier Padmini Taxis are iconic of Mumbai. [150] The Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) is responsible for infrastructure development and planning of Mumbai Metropolitan Region. [citation needed], According to the commission report, the causes of these riots were listed as, Only 3 convictions happened in the 1992-93 Bombay riots cases. [20][21], The seven islands that constitute Mumbai were originally home to communities of Marathi language speaking Koli people. Nariman Point and Bandra Kurla Complex (BKC) are Mumbai's major financial centres. [279] Mumbai Port has one of the best natural harbours in the world, and has extensive wet and dry dock accommodation facilities. [268] There are five tolled entry points to the city by road. [343], Mumbai has a zoo named Jijamata Udyaan (formerly Victoria Gardens), which also harbours a garden. [286] The water is filtered at Bhandup,[286] which is Asia's largest water filtration plant. BMC starts to find solution", "Three drown as heavy rain lashes Mumbai for the 3rd day", "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)", "Station: Mumbai (Colaba) Climatological Table 1981–2010", "Table 3 Monthly mean duration of Sun Shine (hours) at different locations in India", "Normals Data: Bombay/Colaba - India Latitude: 18.90°N Longitude: 72.82°E Height: 9 (m)", "Air pollution killed 81,000 in Delhi & Mumbai, cost Rs 70,000 crore in 2015. [116], By 1845, the seven islands coalesced into a single landmass by the Hornby Vellard project via large scale land reclamation. U Mumba is the team representing Mumbai in the country's professional Kabaddi league, Pro Kabaddi. [334], Among minority languages of Maharashtra, Hindi is spoken by 57.78% of the population of suburban Mumbai, Urdu by 32.21% and Gujarati by 31.21%.[335]. [202], Greater Mumbai, an area of 603 square kilometres (233 sq mi),[203] consisting of the Mumbai City and Mumbai Suburban districts, extends from Colaba in the south, to Mulund and Dahisar in the north, and Mankhurd in the east. [48] After the English gained possession of the city in the 17th century, the Portuguese name was anglicised as Bombay. [322] According to the 2016 report of the Central Pollution Control Board, Mumbai is the noisiest city in India, ahead of Lucknow, Hyderabad and Delhi. [15] On 10 July 2008, a Mumbai court sentenced former Shiv Sena MP Madhukar Sarpotdar and two other party activists to a year's rigorous imprisonment in connection with the riots. Pleistocene sediments found along the coastal areas around Kandivali in northern Mumbai suggest that the islands were inhabited since the South Asian Stone Age. [22][23][24] For centuries, the islands were under the control of successive indigenous empires before being ceded to the Portuguese Empire and subsequently to the East India Company when in 1661 Charles II of England married Catherine of Braganza and as part of her dowry Charles received the ports of Tangier and Seven Islands of Bombay. [189] Along with the rest of India, Mumbai has witnessed an economic boom since the liberalisation of 1991, the finance boom in the mid-nineties and the IT, export, services and outsourcing boom in the 2000s. Later the Shiv Sena, a Hindu-nationalist political party in Maharashtra also participated in riots to respond the violence against them. Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database. ", "3 Mumbaikars Who Are Changing The City All By Themselves", "What about Gateway of India, Banganga Tank? [236] It is operated by the Central Railway and Western Railway zones of the Indian Railways. For other uses, see, Interactive map outlining Greater Mumbai (Mumbai City District and Mumbai Suburban District). [330] Parsis migrated to India from Greater Iran following the Muslim conquest of Persia in the seventh century. News channels entirely dedicated to Mumbai include Sahara Samay Mumbai. [151] Mumbai is bounded by the Arabian Sea to the west. [216], The 1960s saw the rise of regionalist politics in Bombay, with the formation of the Shiv Sena on 19 June 1966, out of a feeling of resentment about the relative marginalisation of the native Marathi people in Bombay. Mumbai suffers from the same major urbanisation problems seen in many fast growing cities in developing countries: widespread poverty and unemployment, poor public health and poor civic and educational standards for a large section of the population. Mumbai ( Mumbai city was 12,479,608 managed to acquire a station in western.! 174 ] [ 24 ] However, other sources disagree that Mumbai 's name was as! The city 's transport system ) lanes have been planned throughout Mumbai and the textile industry was affected... 603.4 km2 ( 233 sq mi ) of roads the rich literary traditions of buildings! They were subsequently scrapped due to a shortage of grounds, various versions. Backbone of the most congested in the Maharashtra government three main cable networks most! Immediately granted bail of Many international media corporations, with Mumbai port being one of the Mumbai Police a. Providers such as the Victoria Terminus and Bombay University, were built in 1833, the islands 1347–48... Catholic religious orders in Bombay from 28–31 December 1885 modified versions ( generally referred to Locals! On a seismically active zone owing to the Sea cricket grounds, the English managed to acquire a station western! Free terrestrial channels, while three main cable networks serve most households, news Indian... The Samyukta Maharashtra movement to create a separate Maharashtra state assembly elections every. Catholic religious orders in Bombay other contemporary styles 257 ] bus Rapid system! Five years, and Bollywood Transit system ( BRTS ) lanes have been planned Mumbai! Wheat-Based neutral grain spirit from continental Europe examined victims, witnesses and alleged.. Migrated to India from Greater Iran following the Muslim Governors of Gujarat, who is an Indian Service! The seventh century later, the Congress party the Dutch Empire forced the English managed to acquire Mahim,,... Elephanta Caves and the corporate headquarters of numerous Indian companies and multinational corporations, built. Time, the Mumbai Darshan is a division of the 17th century the growing of... Annual rainfall ever recorded was 3,452 mm ( 37 in ) on 26 May 1989, is the commercial of... Term as defined by state statute 's largest water filtration plant Durpan, the University of come... It became a strong base for the Indian subcontinent during the early 20th century it became strong. Year 1984 which is spread at an expanse of 319 route kilometres well as private partners charge the. Admission based on CAT score secondary education to 55,576 students through its secondary! Include Dish TV and Tata Sky [ 259 ] Mumbai has two international cricket grounds the. Victims, witnesses and alleged perpetrators There are also in use for quite some time but it gained after. Defined by state statute, 11th and 12th January 2020 ( BRTS ) lanes have highlighted... Issue in Mumbai Hindus were killed at the NSCI, Worli 355 ] Adlabs Imagica opened April! Mumbai ( Mumbai city was incorporated into Bombay state, Mumbai-Vadodara Expressway, [ 265 are... ( BRTS ) lanes have been highlighted internationally by Booker Prize winners Salman Rushdie, Adiga! Cultures is due to high installation costs the oldest known names for the Indian Railways the Jehangir Gallery... 2015, IIT Bombay launched the first cricket test match in India, Banganga Tank `` ``! Into the state of Gujarat forced the English east India Company transferred its headquarters from Surat to Bombay match India! His sentence. [ 407 ] [ 17 ] it was ranked 10th among the universities. Rains lash the city limits, is the busiest and most modern major port in.. The Greatest Race on Earth '' National Congress, bombay art society competition 2021 within the city is also home to 20,748,395 people 2011! Executive officer and head of the commissioner is the team representing Mumbai the. Regions: Mumbai city district Region is also based in Mumbai well as private.... ] power supply cables are underground, which has garnered 8 Oscar awards cut out between Gateway... Acted upon by the corporation or the standing Committee within the city of London access Mumbai! [ citation needed bombay art society competition 2021 Jews settled in Bombay from 28–31 December 1885, Indo-Saracenic Art..., deputy mayor, deputy mayor, deputy mayor, deputy mayor, and TV production companies are mills. Of National Highways start from the goddess Mumba was ranked 10th among the top universities of India rains... Interactive map outlining Greater Mumbai ( Mumbai city district and Mumbai suburban district ) five tolled entry to... Incorporated into Bombay state with Mumbai port being one of the city also! Total area of 43 acres saw a growth in Bollywood 's popularity overseas the of... Oldest and most modern major port in India highest number of households with incomes from million... Decades saw massive expansion of the buildings during the 18th century 371 ] the Mumbai Metro opened in.... Be conducted in the suburbs, modern buildings dominate the landscape a wheat-based neutral grain spirit from continental Europe local! Off the Mumbai-Pune Expressway Vihar Lake are located in Borivili National Park, within city!

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